Tacca J.R. Forst. & G. Forst.

From the Indonesian name taka for the plant.

Rhizomatous or tuberous perennial herbs. Leaves basal, blades elliptic, the veins parallel or palmate from the base; stalks long and with sheathing bases. Flowers bisexual, regular, bell-shaped, nodding, 3-parted with a collar of shiny bracts and also thread-like floral bracts. Perianth segments petal-like in 2 whorls of 3, mostly brownish-green. Stamens 6 in 2 whorls of 3, attached to the perianth segments, the filaments flattened. Ovary inferior with 1 chamber, 6-ribbed and numerous ovules with parietal placentation. Fruit usually a berry.

Several species have naturalised in the tropics.

Division of rhizomes, or seed.

Tubers are starchy and used for bread; T. pinnatifida is the edible Tahitian Arrowroot whose leaves are used for making hats; T. palmata from Malaysia is used locally for medicinal purposes.

10 species from Malaysia, Papuasia and Australia (2 species).

Wyndham (1957).

Source: Spencer, R. (2005). Taccaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Lilianae
order      Dioscoreales
family       Taccaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Tacca chantrieri AndrĂ©