Kniphofia Moench

Red Hot Pokers

Commemorating J.J. Kniphof, 1704–1765, professor at Erfurt, Germany.

Rhizomatous plants. Leaves mostly basal, long, linear and strongly ridged below, grass-like, the margins smooth or with fine teeth. Flower cluster dense, usually opens from the base upwards; stalk with a few bracts below the spike. Flowers pendent on articulated stalks and with a cylindrical- or funnel-shaped generally curved tube to 4 cm or more long. Perianth segments and stamens 6, the latter shrivelling after pollen release. Ovary superior, 3 chambered with numerous ovules in each chamber. Fruit a roundish, sometimes 3 angled, capsule.

Roger Spencer.

Grown for the poker-like heads of red, orange and yellow or yellow pendent bird-attracting flowers. Garden plants are often complex hybrids based on K. uvaria and sometimes referred to as K. praecox Bak.

65 species mostly from E and S Africa but through Madagascar, and Arabia.

Mostly by division of rhizomes, occasionally by seed.

Flower heads in dense poker-like clusters; flowers long-tubular, hanging down.

Codd (1968), Marais (1973).

A key to species is not given as the range of species available varies and most plants in cultivation are hybrid cultivars.

Source: Spencer, R. (2005). Kniphofia. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Lilianae
order      Asparagales
family       Asphodelaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Kniphofia uvaria (L.) Hook.