Aphelandra R.Br.

Greek apheles — simple, aner — male, referring to the single-chambered anthers

Evergreen shrubs and subshrubs. Leaves opposite, simple and mostly leathery. Flowers in a terminal, 4- sided spike with large overlapping bracts that are generally paler than the petals. Flowers mostly red, yellow or orange, 2-lipped, united at the base into a tube, the upper lip with 3 lobes, the central one largest. Stamens 4, protruding but not beyond the mid-lobe of the lip. Fruit a capsule containing 4 seeds, each with a soft tuft of hair.

Popular indoor plants grown for their showy spikes of flowers and formal, often variegated foliage.

Flowers 2-lipped and with 4 fertile stamens, arranged in a terminal 4-sided spike.

About 175 species from tropical America.

Wasshausen (1975).

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Acanthaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 4. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 3. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Asteranae
order      Lamiales
family       Acanthaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Aphelandra squarrosa Nees