Schotia Jacq.


Commemorating Richard van der Schot (d. 1819), head gardener at Schoenbrunn, Vienna, and coexplorer of N America with botanist Jacquin.

Evergreen shrubs or trees without thorns. Leaves alternate, compound, odd-pinnate, with 3-18 pairs of leaflets. Flower clusters terminal or lateral, branched, dense, on the old wood. Flowers with calyx lobes 4, united at the base to form a tube. Petals 5, red or pink, soon shed. Stamens 10, free or united at the base. Fruit pods woody, flattened, generally curved and beaked with a rim that often remains on the tree after the valves have been shed.

Grown for the evergreen foliage and dense flower clusters.

4-5 species from S Africa.


Some species with edible seed known as Boer Beans.

Trees with flowers mostly red in dense clusters; fruit pod with margin separating from the valves.

Codd (1956), Isely (1975).

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Caesalpiniaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Fabales
family       Fabaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Schotia brachypetala Sonder