Escallonia rubra (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.

Evergreen shrub to 3 m or so tall. Young shoots with a few hairs, glandular and sticky. Leaves to about 7 cm long and 4 cm wide, ovate to obovate, shiny, glandular and resinous below, often pointed at the tip, tapering to the base; margin with largish teeth. Flowers in open terminal and axillary clusters, dark pink to red; summer. Capsule about 8 mm wide.

The cultivar 'Crimson Spire' is also occasionally offered.

Argentina, Chile.

E. ×exoniensis hort. is a hybrid between E. rosea and E. rubra (or E. rubra var. macrantha) raised at the Veitch Nsy in Exeter, UK. Similar to E. rubra but differing in being a smaller plant to 2.5 m tall at the most and with smaller flowers in fewer numbers per head, pale pink, tinted with white.

var. macrantha (Hook. &Arn.) Reiche from Chile is the usual variety grown; it grows 2-3 m tall with slightly larger leaves and flowers mostly more than 1.5 cm long.

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Grossulariaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image

Escallonia rubra 'Woodside'

Dwarf, densely branched, compact shrub to about 50 cm tall. Flowers rosy red. Will revert from the dwarf form. Originated in Ireland as a witches' broom on e. rubra. ['Pygmaea']

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     [Saxifraganae]
order      Escalloniales
family       Escalloniaceae
genus        Escallonia Mutis