Pachysandra Michx.


Greek pachys — thick, andros — man, stamen.

Herbs or subshrubs. Leaves simple, generally bunched at the tips of the branches, margins toothed. Flowers unisexual in erect spikes, the males above the females. Petals absent. Male flowers with 4 long stamens. Female flowers with 4-6 sepals. Fruit a 3-beaked capsule, occasionally a drupe.

Grown as groundcovers in shady areas. There are 2 species cultivated, both about 30-40 cm tall and spring-flowering: P. procumbens Michx., Alleghany Spurge, from N America with ovate to almost round leaves and greenish to purple flowers in spikes arising from near the base of the stem; and P. terminalis Siebold &Zucc., Japanese Spurge, an evergreen groundcover with obovate leaves.

Division or cuttings.

Leaf margins toothed towards the tip of the leaf.

5 species, from E Asia (4) and E America (1).

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Buxaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Buxanae
order      Buxales
family       Buxaceae