Acacia melanoxylon R.Br.


A dense-canopied, variable tree 8-15 m tall with grey-brown furrowed bark, often suckering. Phyllodes broadly lanceolate 6-12 cm long, 1-2.5 cm wide, straight or curved, with 3-5 major veins, a small gland on upper margin near base. Flower clusters axillary, shorter than the leaves and with 2-8 flower heads; spring. Flower heads globular, pale yellow. Fruit pods flat, thin, often twisted and coiled, 5-15 cm long, 0.5-1 cm wide, slightly constricted between the seeds.

Grown for its attractive habit in cooler districts, it has many forms in nature.

A. cyclops G. Don, Western Coastal Wattle, from SA is a summer-flowering, dense shrub with phyllodes mostly less than 12 mm wide and with few veins.

Tas,Vic, NSW, Qld.

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Mimosaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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Distribution map
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Fabales
family       Fabaceae
genus        Acacia Mill.