Vicia faba L.

Broad Bean

Erect annual herb to about 1.5 m tall with thick, ridged to square stems. Leaves without tendrils. Leaflets 4-10, about 5-10 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, alternate or occasionally in pairs, oval to oblong, waxy-blue. Flowers to about 2.5 cm long, white with a purple spot. Fruit pod to about 20 cm long, hairy, at least at first.

Cultivated since prehistoric times and no longer known in the wild. Long-pod cultivars are used for early sowing and include 'Aquadulce'.

var. equina Pers., Pigeon Bean, is a small-seeded variety used as feed for racing pigeons.

SW Asia, N Africa.

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Fabaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Fabales
family       Fabaceae
genus        Vicia L.