Glycyrrhiza glabra L.


Rhizomatous subshrub to about 1 m tall with rough or hairy stems. Leaves mostly 10-18 cm long. Leaflets 5-17, elliptic, ovate or oblong, 1.5-4 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, hairless although upper surface with glands. Flowers shorter than the leaves, of numerous white to blue-violet flowers. Fruit pod linear to oblong, to about 3 cm long, 6 mm wide; seeds 2-6.

Rarely cultivated except as a curiosity.

Mediterranean, possibly C Asia. Naturalised in a few localities in N Vic, the Wagga district of NSW, and the northern and southern Mt Lofty Ranges in SA.

Cultivated in the Mediterranean region for the rhizomes, which are the source of liquorice.

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Fabaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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Distribution map
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Fabales
family       Fabaceae
genus        Glycyrrhiza L.