Illicium parviflorum Vent.

Large shrub. Leaves elliptic to obovate, mostly 7-15 cm long, 2-5 cm wide, tapered to the base, tip blunt. Flowers axillary, stalked, solitary or 2-3 in the leaf axils; summer. Perianth segments 13-15, yellow, forming a cup. Stamens 5-7, fleshy. Carpels 11-14.

SE North America (Florida)

Two other species have cup-like inner segments: I. henryi from W China which is rarely cultivated in SE Australia but may be seen at 'Pirianda' in the Melbourne Dandenongs and Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria in Melbourne; and I. verum, Star Anise or Chinese Anise from SE China and Vietnam which has yellow flowers, 5-9 carpels and inner perianth segments more or less round on a cup; it is used in the production of liqueurs, medicines and aromatic oils, and the shiny brown star-shaped fruit is used as a condiment or in pot-pourri. However, it is rarely offered in Australia.

Flowers small, mostly less than 1.5 cm wide, yellowish green.

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Illiciaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Distribution map
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Austrobaileyanae
order      Austrobaileyales
family       Schisandraceae
genus        Illicium L.