Macropiper excelsum (G.Forst.) Miq.

Pepper Tree

Aromatic shrub or small tree to 5 m tall. Branches have a characteristic zig-zag growth form and have pronounced swollen nodes. Leaves opposite, to 10 cm long, ovate, cordate; stipules fused to the stalks which are 1-4 cm long. Flower spikes unisexual; mostly late winter and early spring. Fruits succulent, yellow to orange.

New Zealand and nearby islands, NSW (Lord Howe Island)

var. majus (Cheeseman) Allan is sometimes cultivated: it has leaves more than 10 cm long with 9 veins (not 5-7 as in the typical variety).

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Piperaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Magnolianae
order      Piperales
family       Piperaceae
genus        Macropiper Miq.