Azara Ruiz & Pav.

Commemorating J.N. Azara (1731–1804), Spanish promoter of science and botany.

Evergreen shrubs and small trees. Wood bitter. Leaves alternate, leathery, simple; stipules leaf-like, often single and slightly smaller than the leaf. Flowers mostly bisexual, small and fragrant in axillary stalked clusters. Sepals 4-5(-6) with 5 opposing glands. Petals 0. Stamens 5, 10 (or numerous), free. Ovary superior, with 1 chamber containing numerous ovules with parietal placentation. Fruit a berry.

Although rare in cultivation in Australia several species are occasionally offered. A. integrifolia Ruiz & Pav., Goldspire, is a shrub or small tree with obovate to roundish entire leaves and is also known through the variegated cultivar 'Variegata'. A. lanceolata Hook. f. has narrow lanceolate saw-toothed leaves to about 7 cm long and a violet berry. (Colac Botanic Gardens). A. microphylla Hook. f. has small roundish leaves mostly less than 2 cm long. A. serrata Ruiz & Pav. has broadly elliptic strongly toothed leaves.

Seed, hardwood cuttings.

Leaf and stipule forming a pair, one large (leaf), one small (stipule).

12 species from S America centred in Chile.

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Flacourtiaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Malpighiales
family       Salicaceae