Dianthus caryophyllus L.


Tufted hairless perennial. Leaves to about 1.5 cm long, slightly waxy blue. Flowers in clusters of 1-5, fragrant. Calyx mostly 2.5-3 cm long. Epicalyx bracts 4 or 6 extending into a long point. Petal blades 1-1.5 cm long, irregularly toothed, beardless.

Origin uncertain but probably Mediterranean

Carnations are usually available as cultivars that are extremely variable in colour and shape and many have double flowers.

Source: Glancy, A.; Spencer, R. (1997). Dianthus. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Caryophyllanae
order      Caryophyllales
family       Caryophyllaceae
genus        Dianthus L.