Carpinus betulus L.


Europe, SW Asia to Iran Tree to 10 m or so tall, trunk often twisted. Bark smooth. Branches pendulous at the tips. Buds about 5 mm long sometimes with a little hair at the tips of the scales. Leaves rounded to cordate at the base; vein pairs 10-14; autumn foliage yellow. Flowers in spring. Fruit cluster 7-15 cm long; bracts 3-5 cm long with the central lobe often toothed.

Branches pendulous at the tips; buds more or less hairless, narrow in winter.

ACT: Civic Centre nr Reserve Bank. VIC: Bulleen (Heide Gardens and Sculpture Park); Mt Macedon ('Forest Glades', about 17 m in 1984); Narbethong (St Fillans); Parkville (University of Melbourne System Garden near Biosciences 2, the former School of Botany).

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Betulaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Distribution map

Carpinus betulus 'Columnaris'

Slow growing, narrowly columnar, broadening with age to form a rounded canopy. Introduced by the Spaeth nursery c. 1891.

Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata'

Fast growing with a regular habit and long leading shoot. Introduced to horticulture before 1883.

Carpinus betulus 'Pendula'

Branches weeping.

Carpinus betulus 'Purpurea'

New growth reddish green, becoming green.

Introduced to horticulture before 1873.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Fagales
family       Betulaceae
genus        Carpinus L.