Quercus velutina Lam.

Black Oak

Medium size deciduous tree to 20 m or so tall, trunk straight. Buds and young growth with brownish hairs. Bark smooth at first, becoming dark and furrowed, underbark yellowish. Leaves mostly 10-20 cm long, leathery, shiny green above, pale yellowish-brown below, lobes 5-7 each with several bristled points. Leaf stalks thick, to 7 cm long. Acorns in 1s and 2s, maturing in 2 seasons, 1-2 cm long, the cup enclosing about half of the acorn, the scales thin and with a fringe of hairs.

E North America

Source of a tanbark and a yellow dye used for printing calico.

Leaves yellowish brown below with at least a few hairs, especially when young.

NSW: Armidale (Centennial Park). VIC: Eaglemont (Christian Brethren Trust, 15 Outlook Dve, 23 m tall in 1982); Melbourne (Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria (Melbourne Gardens), Oak Lawn, leaf stalks short, a putative hybrid).

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Fagaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Distribution map
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Fagales
family       Fagaceae
genus        Quercus L.