Carya ovata (Mill.) K.Koch

Shagbark Hickory

Tree to 30 m or so tall. Bark shaggy, in thickish plates. Leaflets 5, elliptic-lanceolate each 10-15 cm long, downy below, tapered to a point, margins fringed with hairs; rich yellow in autumn. Flowers in spring. Fruits round, 3-6 cm long with a thick shell splitting to the base and containing a 4-sided white nut.

E & C North America

Grown commercially both for the timber and for the edible nuts.

Leaves with a fringed margin.

ACT: ANU (University House c. 15 m in 1991). VIC: Bulleen (Heide Gardens and Sculpture Park).


C. glabra (Mill.) Sweet, Pignut Hickory, is occasionally available; it has leaf stalk, main leaf stem and lower surface of mature leaflets hairless; it also differs from the Shagbark Hickory in having buds less than 1.2 cm long and nuts that do not split to the base at maturity.

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Juglandaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Fagales
family       Juglandaceae
genus        Carya Nutt.