Celtis australis L.

European Nettle Tree

Broad-crowned tree to 15-20 m tall. Bark smooth, grey. Leaves mostly narrowly lanceolate to ovate, mostly 8-12 cm long, long-pointed, rough and dark green above, pale and softly hairy beneath, margin toothed; colouring yellow in autumn. Leaf stalk 1-1.5 cm long. Fruit 1 cm wide changing from yellow to dark reddish-purple, mostly appearing about December, the stalk is longer than the leaf stalk. Seed single and marked with ridges.

Europe, Mediterranean, W Asia

Long, narrow, strongly-toothed leaves with the teeth bristle-tipped, upper surface rough; mature fruit dark reddish-purple.

Specimens ACT: Braddon (Donaldson St); Kingston (Eyre St). NSW: Orange (Princes St); Ournie (Jephcott Arboretum); Sydney (Broadway), Paddington (Hargrave St); Wellington (Park). VIC: Melbourne (Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria (Melbourne Gardens), Oak Lawn); Kew (Church St).

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Ulmaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Distribution map
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Rosales
family       Cannabaceae
genus        Celtis L.