Liquidambar L.


Deciduous trees. Sap aromatic. Young shoots with corky wings. Leaves simple, alternate, variously 3-7 lobed, toothed and long stalked. Flowers unisexual; female with sepals fused, petals absent; male with 4-10 stamens. Ovary inferior, when mature containing a few winged seeds. Fruits consisting of a ball on a long stalk, composed of numerous fused capsules with pointed persistent styles.

Was placed in the family Hamamelidaceae.

Species by seed; cultivars by budding or grafting.

A valuable timber tree and source of aromatic balsam (storax) used as a medicine and in perfumery.

Rough-barked trees with lobed leaves having palmate venation; fruit hanging as long-stalked solitary balls; the common L. styraciflua has corky flanges along the young shoots.

4 species (1 from N America, 1 from SW Asia and 2 from China).

Thomas (1961), Santamour & McArdle (1984).

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Hamamelidaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     [Saxifraganae]
order      Saxifragales
family       Altingiaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Liquidambar formosana Hance
species         Liquidambar orientalis Mill.
species         Liquidambar styraciflua L.