Corydalis D C.

Greek name for the Crested Lark; the flower resembles this bird’s head.

Annual, biennial or perennial herbs. Leaves much divided, several times pinnate and fern-like. Flowers in simple or branched racemes each flower bilaterally symmetrical and the upper petal spurred. Fruit a dehiscent capsule with many seeds.

Plants occasionally available in nurseries for growing in cool areas include C. bulbosa (L.) DC. from Eurasia, and C. cheilanthifolia Hemsl. from C China.

Seed and division.

Flowers generally yellow or white in cultivated species. Easily confused with Pseudofumaria but the fruits have a persistent style.

About 400 species from temperate Eurasia and N America, most of which occur in the Sino-Himalayan region.

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Fumariaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Ranunculanae
order      Ranunculales
family       Papaveraceae