Chelidonium majus L.

Greater Celandine

Herb to 1 m or so tall, slightly hairy. Leaves deeply lobed, waxy blue below, leaflets 5-7, the terminal one 3-lobed. Flowers 2-6, bright yellow, 1-1.5 cm wide. Sepals 2, lateral. Petals 4 (consisting of 2 inner and a lower one, the upper one being spurred). Fruit a cylindrical capsule splitting from the base upwards into 2 valves.

Europe and W Asia

Occasionally supplied by herb nurseries and once grown for its medicinal properties but has the potential to become weedy. The sap is a skin irritant.

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Papaveraceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Distribution map

Chelidonium majus 'Flore Pleno'

Flowers double. Originated 1771.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Ranunculanae
order      Ranunculales
family       Papaveraceae
genus        Chelidonium L.