Strelitzia Family

Roger Spencer

Sometimes tree-like suckering woody plants without secondary growth. Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, sheathed at the base; blades rolled in bud, pinnately veined. Flowers bisexual, irregular, lateral or terminal in the axils of large bracts. Sepals 3, free, petal-like. Petals 3, free or united. Fertile stamens 5-6, free. Ovary inferior, of 3 united carpels, 3-chambered. Fruit a loculicidal capsule containing seed with ornamental arils.

A family noted for its bold, often architectural foliage and the spectacular Bird-of-Paradise flowers.This family is sometimes placed in the Musaceae.

Conspicuous mostly 2-ranked arrangement of leaves; bird-like spectacular bisexual colourful flowers; fertile stamens 5 or 6; seed with ornamental arils.

3 genera and 6-7 species from tropical and subtropical South America, South Africa and Madagascar.

Source: Spencer, R. (2005). Strelitziaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Lilianae
order      Zingiberales
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
genus        Ravenala Adans.
genus        Strelitzia Dryand.