Kangaroo Paw Family

Perennial, rhizomatous, bulbous (or occasionally tuberous) herbs. Leaves mostly basal, folded over one another near the sheathing base, the veins longitudinal; stipules absent. Inflorescence a raceme, panicle or cyme(s), rarely solitary. Flowers mostly bisexual, regular, 3-parted.Tepals 6 in 1 or 2 whorls, free or united at the base into a tube. Stamens 3 or 6, the filamens free or joined to the perianth tube.ovary mostly inferior with 3 chambers, each chamber with 1-many ovules with axile placentation. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, sometimes nut-like.

Roger Spencer

Grown mainly as the attractive and colourfully flowered Kangaroo Paws in the genus Anigozanthos. Species of Conostylis are also occasionally grown.

Cut flowers for floristry; Lachnanthes is the source of dye.

Generally with a red pigment in the roots and rhizomes.

14 genera and 100 species from tropical and North America, South Africa and Malesia with a centre of distribution in Australia (7 genera and 84 species, mostly from SW Western Australia).

Simpson, M. (1990).

Source: Spencer, R. (2005). Haemodoraceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Lilianae
order      Commelinales
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
genus        Anigozanthos Labill.
genus        Macropidia Harv.
genus        Wachendorfia Burm.