Cyclanthus Family

Roger Spencer

Palm-like more or less herbaceous perennial herbs either without stems or erect shrubs or vines, occasionally epiphytic. Leaves mostly fan-shaped; stalks long, sheathing at the base. Both sexes on the same plant. Flower clusters in dense spadices with 2-many petal-like spathes. Perianth cup-shaped, toothed or lobed or absent. Male flowers with 4-many perianth segments and numerous stamens. Female flowers bunched in whorls or separate with 4 small, free segments and as many sterile stamens. Ovary superior. Carpels 4, each with 1 chamber. Fruit of many adhering fleshy berry-like carpels containing few to many seeds.

Grown in warm climate gardens and occasionally as indoor plants for the palm-like foliage.

Palm-like plants; leaves with sheathing bases and long stalks, in cultivated plants pleated and deeply cut.

12 genera and 225 species from tropical America.

Source: Spencer, R. (2005). Cyclanthaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Lilianae
order      Pandanales
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
genus        Carludovica Ruiz & Pav.